Network Time Protocol (NTP) is a protocol used for synchronizing the time clocks of computers over a network. NTP is used by utilities such as "ntpdate" to accomplish time synchronization across multiple computers.
By default, Amazon has Xen setup on EC2 so that it forces the hardware clock to sync to UTC. However, there may be a (fairly rare) condition that causes the time on your instance to drift. You can fix this on Linux instances by disabling the hypervisor's independent wallclock then employing the use of an NTP client.
Note: RightScale RightScripts will set the time zone on your server for you. You have control over that as an Input variable.
Issue the following command:
# echo 1 > /proc/sys/xen/independent_wallclock
Overriding the value in /proc/sys/xen/independent_wallclock disables sync with the clock on the physical machine (default).
Important! The drift time will remain after running ntpdate or ntpd until the binary value in independent_wallclock is set to 1.
If you don't have NTP installed on your instance you must install it first:
# apt-get -y install ntp || yum -y install ntp
For a once off sync with a remote NTP server, you can use ntpdate, e.g.:
root@sandbox:~# ntpdate ntp.nasa.gov time-b.nist.gov 30 Jun 04:05:58 ntpdate: adjust time server 220.127.116.11 offset -0.001006 sec
Notice the time adjustment. If a large drift remains after running ntpdate twice, the independent wallclock has not been enabled.
For regular sync with remote NTP servers, use ntpd.
#!/bin/bash -ex if grep 'server ntp.ubuntu.com' /etc/ntp.conf > /dev/null 2>&1; then sed -i 's/server ntp.ubuntu.com/#server ntp.ubuntu.com/g' /etc/ntp.conf fi cat <<EOF>> /etc/ntp.conf server time.rightscale.com server pool.ntp.org EOF service ntp restart || service ntpd restart
Example service restart showing the initialization of ntpd then a subsequent sync according to the frequency in the configuration:
root@sandbox:~# service ntp restart; tail -f /var/log/messages * Stopping NTP server ntpd [ OK ] * Starting NTP server ntpd [ OK ] Jun 30 04:11:16 sandbox ntpd: ntpd email@example.com Tue Apr 19 07:08:18 UTC 2011 (1) Jun 30 04:11:16 sandbox ntpd: precision = 1.000 usec Jun 30 04:11:16 sandbox ntpd: Listening on interface #0 wildcard, 0.0.0.0#123 Disabled Jun 30 04:11:16 sandbox ntpd: Listening on interface #1 wildcard, ::#123 Disabled Jun 30 04:11:16 sandbox ntpd: Listening on interface #2 lo, 127.0.0.1#123 Enabled Jun 30 04:11:16 sandbox ntpd: Listening on interface #3 eth0, 10.161.110.239#123 Enabled Jun 30 04:11:16 sandbox ntpd: Listening on interface #4 lo, ::1#123 Enabled Jun 30 04:11:16 sandbox ntpd: Listening on interface #5 eth0, fe80::1031:3fff:fe01:6d01#123 Enabled Jun 30 04:11:16 sandbox ntpd: kernel time sync status 2040 Jun 30 04:11:16 sandbox ntpd: frequency initialized 17.284 PPM from /var/lib/ntp/ntp.drift Jun 30 04:15:34 sandbox ntpd: synchronized to 18.104.22.168, stratum 2 Jun 30 04:15:34 sandbox ntpd: kernel time sync status change 2001
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